2017年2月24日

How to Write Your Speech - Drawing a Powerful Conclusion

When it comes to drawing a powerful conclusion, no template can really suffice. Your conclusion will depend on your subject matter and on the specific findings you have—or on the specific people you are talking about. No matter what the topic is, however, you will want to draw to keep your conclusion/closing powerful.

Again, while there is no template for doing this, it is something you should strive to accomplish. So, instead of writing the conclusion like you wrote everything else, take some time to think carefully about it, to revise it multiple times, and to present it to friends and family members until you feel confident that it is strong and compelling.

Source of Information : Public Speaking Exposed

2017年2月23日

How to Write Your Speech - Make your introduction interesting

Instead of simply presenting a broad, boring summary of everything you’re going to say, take it as an opportunity to motivate the purpose of your speech, and to encourage people to participate. In short, use your introduction to make sure the audience is awake and interested in what you are about to do.

Source of Information : Public Speaking Exposed

2017年2月22日

How to Write Your Speech - Think of Your Introduction as an Instrument or Tool

As with any good speech or presentation, your goal is to get into the meat of the speech, present some idea or topic, and hopefully get good responses and perhaps some useful suggestions (depending on your topic). You hope that the audience will enjoy it and will respond positively.

Unfortunately, there is usually a large stumbling blog that prevents you from doing all of this: the introduction. That’s right—before you can get into the meat of the presentation or speech, you have to wake your audience up, tell them what you’re going to talk about, and give them reasons to be interested. And your introduction is the tool you will use to accomplish this.

Now, one way in which you can instrumentalize your introduction to achieve this end is to use it to tease some of the more important findings or things that you will include in the rest of the speech. For instance, if it is a wedding speech, you might say that you’re going to reveal something about the groom that no one else knows—including the bride.

Alternatively, if you’re doing an academic presentation, you might consider teasing some of the important findings from your work. For instance, you might simply say “I found X,Y, and Z” in your introduction. You might think that it gives away too much too early, but in fact, it will focus your audience on the right idea—and will give them motivation to retain the rest of the information.

Source of Information : Public Speaking Exposed

2017年2月21日

How to Write Your Speech - Using Ice-­‐Breakers

In many situations, a good way to start a speech or presentation is with an icebreaker. This is usually a joke or an exercise of some sort that breaks the tension in the atmosphere that lingers before speeches.

As I mentioned before, if you’re presenting in front of a hostile crowd, an icebreaker might be a must. And it will be especially good if it is at your expense, since this will indicate that you are open to a critical view of your own beliefs or presentation. It will also suggest that you have listened to the other side for long enough to know the jokes they tell about yours. In addition to jokes, there are other ice-breakers that can be equally effective. For instance, you might ask people in the audience to perform some type of exercise or to think about a topic or an event for 15 seconds. Alternatively, you might ask them to answer interesting or challenging questions to stimulate thought and conversation.

Whatever you do, make sure you keep your audience and mind and focus on providing something that will truly break the ice. If you think that a joke won’t work at your conference, don’t use it. And if you think a thought exercise won’t fly at your business meeting, don’t use it. There are a time and a place for these things; and part of being a good speaker is to know when and where.

Source of Information : Public Speaking Exposed

2017年2月20日

How to Write Your Speech - Writing an Intro

One of the most difficult parts of writing a speech is simply putting down an introduction. You might feel like you roughly know how the speech will flow and what elements you might include, but getting it off the ground can be quite difficult. Below, we will consider some approaches you might use to improve your intro, so that you don’t lose people before you even get started.

Source of Information : Public Speaking Exposed

2017年2月19日

How to Write Your Speech - Pick Quotes

In many settings, quotes aren’t necessary and won’t add much to your speech. But in other cases, they border on a necessary. For instance, during weddings, one of the oft-used quotes is taken from First Corinthians 13:1-13. It often says in  a few beautiful lines what many speakers feel they could not, even if they were given hundreds of lines.

In short, let the situation dictate whether or not you should use a quote. If you think it would add to your speech, then don’t hold back. If you think it might get a laugh that could warm up an otherwise hostile crowd, then do it. But if you think it’ll be perceived poorly, then don’t bother.

Source of Information : Public Speaking Exposed

2017年2月18日

How to Write Your Speech - Do Your Research

If you want to give a good speech, you must start by doing your research. Far too many people believe they can get up in front of a crowd and deliver a speech based on something they’ve come up with on the spot or something they’ve thought about—but never truly investigated in any serious sense of the word. And once things start to go poorly—they get asked a tough question or they flounder around—they then start to believe that they’re just not a good public speaker.

In fact, this couldn’t be any less true. Preparation and research are a critical part of public speaking. And without them, delivering a speech to a large group of people—friends or not—could potentially be a disaster. So here’s what I suggest you do to gather research for your upcoming speech:

i. Wedding Speeches. You might assume that no research is needed when it comes to a wedding speech. You know the bride. You know the groom. What do you need research for? But, in fact, even a wedding speech can be significantly improved through research.

And, here, when I say research, I mean interviews. That’s right: don’t be annoying, but try to find times to interview different people in the wedding party. Talk to the groomsmen, talk to the bridesmaids, and maybe even consider talking to the bride and groom themselves. Use this process to gather important information about moments in the bride’s and groom’s lives, so that you can incorporate them into your speech and include heart-felt and surprising moments.

You’ll find that the bride, groom, and wedding-goers will be surprised and delighted by your wedding speech, which will provide not only your unique perspectives on the bride and groom, but will also provide beautiful reflections from family members and friends who will not get the chance to make a speech at this wonderful occasion.

ii. Business or workplace speeches. When it comes to this variety of speech, research is critical. The last thing you want to do is to present an argument in favor of a new method of doing business—only to find yourself with absolutely nothing other than pure opinion to back it up.

Here, research can take on a number of forms. One form is the process of finding out whether or not other businesses have already adopted your suggestion— and, if so, how things have done for them. If you can convincingly demonstrate that several similar businesses have done the same thing, and they are profiting as a result, then you’ll find that your bosses will be much more willing to adopt
your ideas.

So how can you do this? One way is to search through trade magazines and news articles online. If you can find evidence of successful businesses adopting the practices you mention, you’ll gain some traction there. In addition to this, you might consider searching Google Scholar for articles in the operations research, marketing, or business literature that find support for your argument.

Another possible route you can take is to look at the numbers for your own business. For instance, can you readily access databases on the accounting and production numbers for your own business? Can you reference specific cases where outcomes for particular clients were good? All of these things are important to find out and to use when building a case for your argument.

Finally, in order to build the credibility of your argument further, you might also consider providing some evidence to the contrary—and then explaining why it isn’t as convincing or why it doesn’t apply in your case. While this might seem like a bad idea, it will demonstrate to your detractors that you have considered all arguments, and will allow you to attack counter-arguments before anyone in the room is able to pose them.

iii. Academic speeches. If your speech is purely academic in nature, research will be even more important than in most other cases. If the audience gets a sense that you haven’t done your due diligence, they will quickly latch onto this, and will attempt to expose your ignorance of the
literature. This is especially true when your audience consists of academics who are familiar with all of the literature in your field.

Furthermore, it is important that you not only know the research that is related to your presentation, but that you also use it in your presentation. So don’t simply writing down paper findings from memory when you’re quickly scraping everything together, but take some time to find out where you read these findings, who wrote them, and in what context they wrote them.

In short, make sure that you not only know the findings in your field, but that you have explicitly written down the exact findings and their sources. This will ensure that you don’t get caught off-guard at your presentation.

Source of Information : Public Speaking Exposed

2017年2月17日

Know Your Audience - Use an Adaptive Approach

When it comes to delivering good speeches, being adaptive is critical. You must be willing to change to fit the audience, to change to fit the environment, and to change to fit new objectives when surprises arise.

So, next time you are giving a speech, and you find yourself with a more hostile audience than you expected, think about what you can do to turn the situation around. For instance, consider telling a joke at your own expense that might make the environment a little more light-hearted and a little less hostile.

In may seem stupid, but making these minor adaptations can go a long way in making the content of your speech resonate with the audience. If they find you particularly strident, boring, or disconnected, they’re likely to lose interest, even if what you’re presenting is fundamentally good.

Source of Information : Public Speaking Exposed